LEAVES: Alternate, simple, 6"-9" long, and 4" wide,
with 6-10 rounded lobes; bright green above, paler below, both
surfaces smooth on mature leaves.
TWIGS: Red-grey, often with a grayish coating. Buds
rounded, reddish-brown, smooth, to 1/8" long; end buds
FRUIT: An acorn, ¾-1" long, light brown, cup bowl
like, hairy inside, enclosing ¼ of the nut; cup scales warty at the
base. Acorn ripens in September after one season.
BARK: Pale grey, scaly, not deeply fissured, often
GENERAL: A dominant forest tree on dry to moist
sites throughout the Commonwealth usually reaching 80'-100' high.
This tree is very important to both wildlife and people. The acorn
is an important wildlife food and eastern Native Americans made a
flour from these acorns. Traditional uses of White oak wood include
hardwood flooring, whiskey barrels and boat building. The famous
Revolutionary War frigate, USS Constitution, "Old Ironsides", was
made of White oak. The "white oak group" includes all oaks without
bristle-tipped lobes and acorns that ripen in one season.