LEAVES: Compound, alternate; leaflets 15 to 23,
each 3"-4" long, small-toothed; dark yellow-green above, paler,
hairy below. End leaflet absent or very small. Main leaf-stem with
very fine hairs.
TWIGS: Stout, orange-brown to dark brown, roughened
by large leaf scars, easily broken; pith pale brown, chambered.
Buds gray, downy; side buds 1/6" long, end bud larger.
FRUIT: A round nut, 1"-2" in diameter, shell rough,
covered with a thick, almost smooth, green spongy husk; oily kernel
sweet. Flowers in drooping green catkins, appearing with the
unfolding leaves, which is also true of butternut.
BARK: Dark brown to gray-black, with narrow
GENERAL: A large-sized tree, found locally on rich
soils mainly in the southern part of state. Wood valuable for
quality furniture, veneer, gun stocks and musical instruments.